I’ve used various build systems for compiling, testing and deploying .NET based applications. TFS, VSTS, AppVeyor, TeamCity have had one thing in common. They all contained the configuration of my build, test and deploy pipeline in their system with no way to extract it.
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Build as CodeRemoving the build steps out of your build system and turning into code has two major benefits to me:
- Build Anywhere: Once you have a build script, you should be able to execute and build it anywhere. No longer are you relying on the build server and it’s build steps which are specific to that build system.
- Source Control: Since you build is now in code, can can live right along side your application in source control. This means that if you have the source, you have the build script.
Cake?Cake (C# Make) is a build automation tool for .NET. It allows you to write C# to run various Tasks that you would likely find as build steps on your build server. Such as compile code (msbuild), run unit tests (xunit, nunit, mstests), creating nuget packages, create deployments via Octopus Deploy and a pile more.
Getting StartedIt’s really easy to get started using Cake. I’ve created a demo which is available on GitHub. It contains a basic Hello World application along side the Cake script described in the rest of this blog.
VideoIf you prefer watching a video tutorial, I’ve added a video that outlines the same content as this blog.
Build ScriptFirst thing you need to do is get the Cake build script that is written in PowerShell. From your project folder, run the following command to download the latest PowerShell Ssript (build.ps1)
Invoke-WebRequest http://cakebuild.net/download/bootstrapper/windows -OutFile build.ps1
Cake ScriptNext we need to create our Cake script. This script will define all the build tasks that the PowerShell Build Script (build.ps1) will execute. Create an empty file “build.cake” in the same directory along side the build.ps1. I recommend using VS Code along with the Cake extension to create and edit your build.cake file.
BuildIn this my demo application, I have a CakeDemo.sln that I’m going to build. it contains two projects, CakeDemo and CakeDemo.Tests which has an xUnit test. In our build.cake, let’s setup our first task to run MSBuild on our solution. Above we define a task named “Default” which calls MSBuild. Then to invoke Cake by calling RunTarget specifying our default task. Now we can run our build.ps1 powershell script which will execute our build.cake C# script. You can see that Cake downloaded some packages from NuGet which it requires to run the build, compiled our build.cake, and then executed it and its tasks (MSBuild). If we take a look in our bin\ directory, we can see all the build output files.
Running TestsThere are many different types of tasks you can define in your cake script. Take a look at all the built-in API’s. A common task you may perform is running Unit Tests. In my Demo I have a project with an xUnit test. We can run the xunit console test running from our cake script as well. The fist thing we do is tell Cake we need an external tool from NuGet. In our case we need the xunit console runner. At the top of our build.cake script, add
#tool "nuget:?package=xunit.runner.console"Now we can add a task to run our xunit tests. I’m going to modify our script a bit further in order to separate our compiling using msbuild and running our xunit tests into separate tasks. You can tell Cake which tasks are depend on on others. In this example, our xUnit task is going to be dependent on a build. Let’s execute our build script again and see the output of our build and the xUnit console runner.